Cysts are fluid-filled pockets that form on the skin. They aren’t usually dangerous, but they can be painful and uncomfortable. In some cases, you can have your cyst professionally excised by a doctor.
How to deal with facial cysts
Find out if medical intervention is necessary. Facial cysts, or subcutaneous cysts, are uncomfortable and unsightly but usually do not require medical intervention. If your cysts don’t hurt, it’s best not to do anything about them to avoid carving complications. However, you should consult a doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
Facial cysts are usually very small round lumps just under the skin. They can be black, red, or yellowish, and sometimes smelly pus can come out. Cysts tend to be more painful than other skin problems (such as pimples).
If the cyst ruptures, it can lead to a dangerous infection. In this case, the cyst must be removed as soon as possible.
If your cyst suddenly becomes painful and swollen, you may have become infected. See a doctor and have them prescribe antibiotics and cut out the infected cyst.
In very rare cases, cysts can lead to skin cancer. At your annual checkup, ask your doctor to examine your cyst to determine if it poses a risk.
Ask your doctor about an injection. If your cyst is painful or infected, your doctor may give you an injection of the medicine. This won’t get rid of the cysts, but it will reduce swelling and redness, the cyst will shrink, and it won’t hurt as much.
Have your cyst drained. If your cyst is getting bigger or is very painful, you can have it removed. The doctor will cut it open and let the pus drain out.
The doctor makes a small incision in the cyst and gently dries the fluid out of it. This procedure is quick and usually doesn’t hurt much.
The main disadvantage of this procedure is that cysts often recur afterwards.
Ask your doctor about the possibility of surgery. The only way to remove a cyst once and for all is through surgery. If you want to get rid of cysts, ask your doctor to cut them out.
This is a very small operation that will only take a moment and you will recover very soon. However, a few days after the operation, you will have to go back to the doctor to have the stitches removed.
This surgery is very safe and usually prevents the cyst from coming back. Facial cysts aren’t dangerous, however, so health insurance probably won’t pay you to have them removed.
How is Baker’s cyst treated?
Follow the RICE rule. Baker’s cyst is a cyst with fluid that appears below the knee. It’s usually the result of an injury or a chronic disease like arthritis. If you take care of your joint according to the RICE rule, you can reduce the pain.
RICE means rest, ice, compression and elevation.
Do not put weight on the affected leg and keep it elevated if possible. Never put ice directly on your skin – wrap it in a towel or other cloth first.
Buy a flexible bandage from the pharmacy and follow the instructions on the package. If you’re at increased risk of blood clots, first ask your doctor if you can use a bandage.
The RICE method can help you get rid of the pain caused by the cyst. The cyst may shrink and the pain will likely subside.
Take over-the-counter pain relievers. Keep your leg up and don’t put weight on it and take, for example, ibuprofen or paracetamol or aspirin to relieve the pain.
Ask your doctor to drain your cyst. If you want to get rid of cysts, your doctor will need to drain them. If the cyst does not respond to home treatment using the RICE method, see a doctor and have it professionally removed.
The doctor will drain the fluid from your knee with a needle. This procedure is not very painful, but it is very uncomfortable for many people. If you are afraid of needles, ask a friend or family member to go to the doctor with you and be supportive.
When the doctor drains the fluid, the cyst should go away. However, there is a risk that it will appear again in the same place. Ask your doctor about the possible causes of your cyst.
Start rehab. After the cyst goes away, your doctor will likely recommend regular rehabilitation. The gentle movements, taught by an experienced physiotherapist, will help you get your joints in shape. It can also help you get rid of the health problem that caused your cyst. After the cyst is drained, ask your doctor to refer you to a good physical therapist.
How to treat ovarian cysts
Just wait and watch the cyst. Ovarian cysts are accumulations of fluid on the surface of the ovaries. Unfortunately, removing them isn’t easy, so it’s best to just wait and monitor their progress from the start.
Some cysts on the ovaries will go away on their own. Your doctor will likely advise you to wait and go for a checkup every few months.
Your doctor will need to monitor your cyst regularly to see if it’s growing. After some time it may be necessary to undergo the procedure.
Ask your doctor about hormonal birth control. Hormonal birth control pills are usually first prescribed for ovarian cysts. Ask your doctor to prescribe it.
Hormonal birth control can help shrink an existing cyst and prevent more cysts from forming. In addition, it also reduces the risk of ovarian cancer, especially if you take it for a long time.
Hormonal contraceptives are sold in salaries of 21 pills. Some contraceptives have an additional 7 placebo pills, others don’t take any pills for the next 7 days. In these 7 days you have your period. When taking hormonal contraceptives, menstruation may stop from time to time.
Some women experience side effects such as breast tenderness, mood swings, or bleeding during a cycle. These effects usually disappear after a few months of use.
Have an operation. Cysts on the ovaries can be painful and pose a health risk if they continue to grow. If your cyst doesn’t go away on its own after a while, your doctor will likely recommend surgery.
If you have a cyst that lasts longer than 2-3 menstrual cycles, your doctor will advise you to have it surgically removed to stop it from growing any further. Such large cysts are very painful and cause irregular menstruation.
In some cases it is necessary to remove the entire ovary. In most cases, however, doctors can only remove the cyst and leave the ovary intact. In very rare cases, cysts can be carcinogenic. In such cases, doctors are usually forced to remove entire reproductive organs.
Go regularly for cervical swabs. The best treatment for ovarian cysts is prevention. Visit your gynecologist regularly and have a cervical swab done. The sooner you find out you have a cyst, the easier it will be to get rid of it. Routine cervical swabs and vaginal exams can indicate unusual symptoms that can be caused by cysts on the ovaries.
How do you treat a pilonidal cyst?
Remove the hair follicle that is causing the cyst. A pilonidal cyst is a cyst that occurs on the shoulders or around the buttocks. This cyst is usually tender, warm to the touch, and may contain pus. To prevent it from growing, you must keep the surrounding skin clean and dry at all times. These cysts are often caused by overgrown hairs that remain beneath the skin’s surface, so you need to remove any hairs around the cyst to prevent it from growing.
Have your cyst checked. Since these cysts pose a risk of dangerous complications, you should have them checked out by a doctor. If you have a pilonidal cyst, see your GP.
The doctor usually does a quick exam and examines the cyst. She will ask if you have pus, if you are in pain, and how long you have had a cyst.
Your doctor will also ask you about other symptoms. If your cyst has caused a rash or a fever, your doctor will advise you to have it removed. If the cyst isn’t causing any problems, it doesn’t need to be removed.
Have your cyst drained. The least invasive method of treating these cysts is puncture and drainage. The doctor cuts a small hole in the cyst and drains excess fluid from it. The cyst is then bandaged. You may also need to take antibiotics to avoid infection.
Ask about the possibility of surgery. Cysts sometimes reappear even after release. If so, your doctor may recommend removing them. This surgery usually only takes a while, but it will take you a long time to recover and you will have an open wound that you need to clean regularly.