Whether you accidentally step on a sea urchin or have not been careful when cleaning the sea aquarium, it will probably sting you. Sea urchins are poisonous, so immediate treatment is necessary. If you are injured by a sea urchin, stay calm and follow good advice to prevent a serious infection.
Learn how to recognize a sea urchin sting. In order to treat this injury properly, you must be sure that you were stabbed by a hedgehog and not by some other sea animal.
Sea urchins have flat or spherical bodies that are covered with thorns. They live in oceans and seas around the world, but more are usually found in warmer regions.
Sea urchins stay on the rocky bottom, stabbing only when they feel threatened. Most people get hurt by stepping on a hedgehog.
You can handle most stings yourself without any problems. However, if you have difficulty breathing, feeling sick, chest pain or signs of infection such as redness or pus, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.
You should also see a doctor if a hedgehog has stabbed you in the joint area, as removing the thorns may require surgery.
Learn which parts are toxic. Sea urchins have the shape of a flattened sphere. even if they are not generally aggressive, if you step on them by mistake, they will stab you. Some parts of their bodies have the ability to excrete poison.
Sea urchins excrete poison through their thorns and slugs.
Thorns cause stab wounds and can break in the skin. You should pull them out immediately after the accident.
Squids are locomotor organs that are located between the spines, which are inserted into the body when a hedgehog attacks. You should also remove them immediately after the attack.
Remove thorns. After the hedgehog stabs you, pull out the thorns as fast as you can to shorten the duration of the poison.
Pull out the protruding ends of the large spines with tweezers. Do this slowly so that the spines do not break, because if this happens, it is necessary to seek medical help.
The spines can also be removed with hot wax, which helps especially when the spines are very deep and cannot be removed with a razor blade. Apply hot wax to the affected area, allow to dry and remove. The thorns should be able to be removed thanks to the wax.
If you do not remove the thorns correctly, prolonged health problems may occur. If you are not sure that you have removed all the spines, see a doctor.
Remove the shells. After the hedgehog attack, it is also necessary to remove the squirrels so that you are not exposed to the poison for a long time.
You can remove the squats, for example, by applying shaving foam to the infected area. Then scrape off the foam with a razor blade.
When handling the razor blade, be careful not to irritate the area further.
Wash the affected area
Clean the wound with soap and water. Once you have removed the thorns and sores, you must clean and rinse the wound.
It will be quite uncomfortable because the wound is still irritated and will burn to the touch. Prepare for pain or ask someone for help if you are worried that you will not be able to endure the discomfort.
You can also use hydrogen peroxide or betadine instead of soap.
Then rinse the entire area thoroughly with drinking water.
Be careful not to close the wound. Do not use bandages or patches to close the wound. All thorns that you have not been able to pull out with tweezers need to find a way out of the skin to prevent bacterial infection and the effects of poison.
Rinse the wound. To relieve pain and minimize the risk of infection, some people recommend rinsing the affected area further after washing.
You can immerse the wound in warm water. The water should be hot to the touch, but not boiling. Leave the affected area in the water for at least an hour as long as you can withstand the heat. This will relieve your pain and, in addition, dissolve the remaining thorns. You can help this process by adding magnesium sulfate or Epsom salt to the water.
Some people also recommend bathing in hot vinegar. Mix a little vinegar with hot water, pour into a dish, and soak the wound for 20-40 minutes. Again, you can also add Epsom salt to the water to help dissolve the stabbed thorns.
Wound treatment and pain relief
Treat the wound before you go to bed. Before going to bed, you should cover the area with a light bandage to prevent irritation during sleep.
Cover the wound with a cloth soaked in vinegar and wrap it in food foil. Secure with adhesive tape to prevent the bandage from coming loose.
Caution, the bandage should remain loose. Remember that it is not good to close the wound completely, because the remaining thorns need to find a way out.
Take antibiotics and painkillers. Take antibiotics and over-the-counter painkillers to prevent infection and alleviate any pain. Follow the dosing instructions in the package leaflet.
You should also apply an antibiotic ointment in the morning, which you can get at the pharmacy. It is good to paint the affected area as a precaution, but be sure not to forget it if you notice redness or swelling.
Tylenol and ibuprofen are proven painkillers. You should take the recommended dose every 4-8 hours until the symptoms go away.
Watch for signs of infection. Although sea urchin injuries usually heal quickly if you treat it properly, hedgehogs are still poisonous. Learn how to know when a wound is infected.
Symptoms of infection include redness, fever, purulence, and swelling of the affected area or nearby lymph nodes associated with it (neck, armpits, groin, etc.).
If the symptoms of the infection do not go away within a few days, seek medical attention.
If you experience difficulty breathing or chest pain, the infection can be serious and you should go to the nearest emergency department immediately.